Post by Deleted on Jan 31, 2021 10:42:18 GMT -5
Umberto Nobile was an Italian aviator, aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer. Nobile was a developer and promoter of semi-rigid airships between the two World Wars. In May 1926 he sailed over the North Pole in the Norge airship with Roald Amundsen and the expedition sponsor, the American Lincoln Ellsworth. They were the first people to reach the North Pole without a doubt.
On a second trip to the North Pole, this time without Amundsen, Nobile started in May 23, 1928 with the airship Italia near Ny-Ålesund on the island of Spitsbergen and reached the Pole on May 24. A day later, the Italia and its 16 crew members crashed on the return flight from the North Pole near the island of Foynøya in the northeastern part of the Spitsbergen Archipelago. Ten crew members, including Nobile, were thrown onto the ice, one expedition member was killed and the others were seriously injured.
The mobile, which was unable to move due to broken bones, was brought to safety by the Swedish pilot Einar Lundborg, and the other survivors were rescued on July 12 by the Soviet icebreaker Krassin. International cooperation, particularly the participation of the Soviet Union, generated a strong public response.
Rescue particpants came from eight differents nations with ice breakers, ships, and many floatplanes.
Airship Italia taking off at Milano Bresso airfield
Some of the airplanes searching for Nobile:
French Latham 47 which disapeared with well known explorer Roald Amundsen on flight from Tromsø to Spitsbergen and and never have been found,
Italian Savoia-Marchetti S55 sent by Benito Mussolini,
Soviet airship SSS-1,
and Swedisch Junkers F-33.